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Ikat Weaving: Adorning Odisha Globally

Ikat weaving is a sort of weaving that is notable everywhere throughout the world. It is broadly known for its perplexing weaving process. This style of weaving utilizes an oppose coloring process as like splash-color. It is a detailed coloring process in which yarn is colored arbitrarily in common crisscross style that is made of cotton or silk textures. Henceforth the last item is a bit of material that is washed and gleamed in vivid plans. Ikat weaving is one of a kind, as it either utilizes the twist or weft to weave a plan design. Now and then they are creatively colored utilizing both twist and weft. In this manner they are called as “Twofold Ikat”.

Derivation Of The Word Ikat

Sambalpuri Ikat Loom
Sambalpuri Ikat Loom (courtesy Wikipedia)

Ikat is an Indonesian word that alludes to a rope, string or bunch. The word Ikat is brought into European language that is ascribed to Rouffaer. Presently Ikat is a general English word that is utilized to portray the procedure and the particular example of how and from where it has delivered. For the most part, in the Indonesian language, even the plural type of Ikat stays as Ikat itself though in English the plural structure includes a letter in order ‘s’ in like manner and considered as Ikats.

The example of Ikat is created in different customary material habitats everywhere throughout the globe, from India to Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Japan, Africa, and Latin America. In Japan, it is likewise called as “kasuri”. Bukhara and Samarkand were well known for silk Ikats since19th century while different nations have societies with long chronicles of Ikat creation. In twofold Ikats, as the two yarns of twist and weft are tied and colored before being woven into a solitary material they are once in a while created because of the prerequisite of the serious gifted work. Such ikats are delivered in Guatemala, Okinawa islands of Japan, the town of Tenganan in Indonesia, Villages of Puttapaka and Bhoodan Pochampally in India and it is likewise created in Gujarat, India. The creation and the examples of Ikat differ broadly from area to district. For the most part, these Ikats are the imagery of riches, influence, renown and status.

Sambalpuri Saree, Double Ikat
Sambalpuri Saree, Double Ikat (courtesy Wikipedia)

It appears to have a connection between the creation of Ikat in India and South-East Asia. As the Gujarati shippers brought Patola (silk texture) to Indonesian rulers and there the movement of Ikat creation was taken over by the Dutch. In this way the examples of the Patola Ikat are prevalently like the twofold Ikats created in Bali of Indonesia. In Europe in Mallorca and in Spain Ikat botanical examples are utilized.

Prior utilizing the strategy of Ikat weaving shoulder material, turban fabric and lungi were delivered. Today different items like packs, mats, sarees, bedsheets, dupattas, handbags and documents are made. With regards to Odisha, it is chiefly connected with Ikat saree creation. Ikat designs are colors and bound into the strings before the material is weaved. This specific procedure separates it from the tie and color process where the texture is woven at the underlying stage.

Ikat And Odisha

Ikat weaving
courtesy Indyvogue

Ikat is one of the oldest methods of coloring textures. According to the sources, Odisha Ikat goes back to the twelfth century. It is said that craftsmen of Gujarat who moved to Odisha conveyed ahead the specialty. Ikats rehearsed at Odisha exhibits three assortments. They are:

  • Single Ikat – The procedure where the yarns of either twist or weft are colored.
  • Ikat – In this system both the yarns of weft and twist are utilized together yet in various pieces of the single texture.
  • Twofold Ikat – Here both the yarns of twist and weft are tied in an exact way. Along these lines the strings from both hub structure a work with one another at one point to exhibit the confounded example of that specific texture.

Taking Care Of Ikat

For cotton Ikat sarees through the machine wash should likewise be possible, still, it is better favored for cleaning. In the creation of Odisha Ikat sarees, they are customarily worked on utilizing hands. Nowadays to satisfy the rising demand, the creation of these Ikats have been modernized. Along these lines in certain spots, they are helped out through a computerized way utilizing machines.


Today some of Odisha’s best handloom fabrics are weaved using the Ikat techniues. You can find ikat patterns in clothes from Sambalpuri sarees to kurtas to even towels. As a traditional weaving technique, ikat can be ound all over Odisha.

If you wish to buy Ikat weaved clothes, you can visit any big clothes store here or even online, as many brands keep a presence in cyberspace active.

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